5. Time Variant

This section describes the Time Variant spectral inversion using SciQt.

The Time Variant controls in SciQt allows you to apply multiple operators classified as zones with varying slopes on a seismic data. The tab is split into two-groups Operator Zones which allows you to add, delete or view currently loaded operator zones and Zone Details group which enables you to configure an operator zone.

Figure 4.61. Time Varying Convolution Operator Zones

Time Varying Convolution Operator Zones

Sub-group: Operator Zones

This sub-group provides you with control to view operator zones loaded from a session file, add and delete operator zones. On startup, SciQt does not define any operator zones. Pressing Add button creates a Zone with a default name, Start Time and End Time with values set to the data start and end times. The Start Taper and End Taper are both set to "0" as only one zone has been defined so far. No operator is associated with zone yet as can be seen in figure below. The user has to configure details regarding the Operator, Start Taper and End Taper using controls provided in the Zone Details sub-group. Subsequent operator zone entries will have Start time and Start Taper based on previous or already existing operator zones.

Figure 4.62. Adding a Zone

Adding a Zone

Sub-group: Zone Details

This sub-group allows you to configure an operator zone along with Start/End Time and Start/End tapers. To select an operator press the Select ... or Select File ... button once a selection has been done from the pop-up dialogs press Select or Open. Figures below show the pop-up dialogs and the selected operator values are visible in the "Operator Zone Details" sub-group.

Figure 4.63. Selecting an operator

Selecting an operator

Figure 4.64. Selecting operator from a file

Selecting operator from a file

Once the operator has been selected you can set the set the start and end times for the zone along with the taper length. Two methods are supported for setting the time zone, either supply the Time (in milliseconds) or use the Select Horizon... button. The "Offset:" is a positive or negative time in milliseconds that is offset from the horizon to give the actual zone start or end.

Horizons should be continuous with no gaps to avaoid problems. The use of horizons is preferred in areas with significant structure. Also enter the Start Taper and End Taper for each operator zone. Press Apply button to add the operator zone and continue configuration of more operator zones or press OK to apply the operator on the seismic data.

Figure 4.65. Configuring multiple operators

Configuring multiple operators

Contribution of Tapers when configuring operator zones

The taper off on one operator starts half the Overlap taper lenght before the zone boundary time. The taper on for the next zone starts at the same time as the previous zone's taper off, so the total contribution of both zones in the overlap zone is always 100%. The tapers are linear. There is no taper- on at the start of the first zone and no taper-off at the end of the last zone.

The figure below shows how the overlap taper works. The End Time for the first zone is the same as the Start Time for the second zone and is set to 500ms. The Overlap taper length has been set to 200ms.

Figure 4.66. Contribution of Tapers

Contribution of Tapers